HE-3-TLSV Helium-3 Cryostat

"Wet" System - Top Loading - Sample in Vacuum - For Neutron Scattering

The model HE-3-TLSV is a top-loading cryostat that allows the sample to be removed and introduced in the vacuum sample space when the cryostat is cold.

A special sample probe and a load-lock with gate valve are supplied with the system. Installed at the top of the cryostat is a user-friendly force generator, which is used to improve the thermal conductance at the interface between the sample probe and the He-3 cryostat.

As an option, manipulators can be installed at the top of the sample probe so that the sample can be moved up, down and rotated at its base temperature. Flexible OFHC copper braids are employed to provide the flexibility of movements.

The system contains two identical He-3 inserts, which provides very large cooling power for various types of experiments. An indium sealed 4 K radiation shield separates the sample space from the dewar vacuum space. This allows for the introduction of exchange gas into the sample space, making the pre-cooling more efficient.

This system is developed for neutron scattering experiments, although it can also be used for other applications.

This He-3 cryostat includes the following components:

  • Highly efficient liquid nitrogen shielded helium dewar
  • Indium sealed 4 K radiation shield functioning as IVC
  • He-3 insert including:
    • Charcoal sorption pump with heater and thermometer
    • 1 K pots with thermometer
    • He-3 pot with heater and thermometer
    • He-3 gas
  • Load-lock with gate valve
  • Sample probe
  • Sample mount with heater and thermometer
  • Liquid nitrogen level probe
  • Liquid helium level probe
  • Digital cryogen level monitor
  • Operation test


  • Fiber optics
  • Linear motion manipulator
  • Computer controller motorized 1 K pot cryogenic needle valve
  • Automatic temperature controller
  • Liquid helium transfer line
  • 1 K pot pumping station
  • Turbo pumping station

Performance Specification

Base temperature: 380 mK
Hold time at base temperature: 24 hours
Operation temperature range: 0.4 K - 300 K
Sample space: 1.0" (typical)

Chart of sample mount on model HE-3-TLSV-NEUTRON showing temperature (Kelvin) versus time (hour), Janis Research, neutron scattering, ultra low temperature
Chart of Sample Mount on Model HE-3-TLSV-NEUTRON
HE-3-TLSV-NEUTRON Helium-3 cryostat, ref. 8560, Janis Research, ultra low temperature, neutron scattering
Model HE-3-TLSV-NEUTRON Helium-3 Cryostat

Helpful Resources

Importance of Ultra Low Temperature Research - an interview with Dr. Zuyu Zhao

Complete our Helium-3 System Inquiry Checklist.